The eland is the largest African antelope. Both bulls and cows have horns as well as a dewlap, which is a loose fold of skin hanging from the throat.

They live in small herds of 4 -10 in winter and in herds of up to 100 animals in summer. Eland are not territorial and can range over huge areas in search of food, especially in arid regions. Eland are independent of water. They allow their temperature to rise during the day, and unload excess heat during the night, rather than sweating to stay cool.